The Nazi Concentration Camps


Nazi Germany was a land of camps. The Nazis set up many different types of camps: camps to discipline, punish, exploit and murder. Concentration camps stood at the centre. They helped to establish Nazi rule, led the brutal assault on outsiders and opponents, and engaged in the murderous war against Jews. More than 1.7 million men, women and children died in concentration camps between 1933 and 1945.

This page lists the main camp complexes under the SS Inspectorate of Concentration Camps and the WVHA-D (with the exception of the special camp Hinzert and the training camp Debica). Other Nazi camps, including death camps like Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec and Chelmno, are not included. Please note that prisoner and mortality figures are often rough estimates. Also, as many prisoners went through several camps, they were often counted more than once.